Close to five million children in Iraq had lost one or both parents as a result of armed conflict and violence that has wracked Iraq. Iraqi children face unacceptable risks to their long-term wellbeing and, as the future generation, this will have a compounding effect on the entire country.

Iraqis who campaign against these harsh realities and other issues face arrest and humiliation by militia members who do not tolerate criticism, as such criticism and expression of opinions regarding problems affecting all Iraqis are discouraged through violence and these problems will not only likely be exacerbated, but public activism will be forced underground and could become susceptible to extremism.

The government of Iraq has done little to help the children under their care and may have in fact made their situation worse by using disproportionate violence in dealing with terror threats.